Tutors at U3A
Session 3 - 2013

Life Members


Below are some profiles of our current tutors at U3A Adelaide. They come from a variety of backgrounds with experience gained from employment, life skills or academia.
No matter what their background, all of our tutors come with a love and knowledge of their subject area and a desire to share it with others - for which 'we others' are forever grateful.

If you know of anyone who has skills they would be willing to share, please get them to contact U3A.



Lynette Arden

My training:

BA (Hons in Geography 11A) from UNE 1964 included 3 years of English study. I have had work (mostly poetry) published in many magazines both in print and on line in Australia and overseas. I won the haiku competition run by Friendly St poets in 2008  http://friendlystreetpoets.org.au/?cat=6&paged=3

 I also have an Honours 11A degree in Graphic Design from Liverpool UK and have material displayed on line by the Liverpool Museum, where I am one of their 800 lives. http://www.eighthundredlives.org.uk/lives/lynettearden.aspx?JS=1

I belong to the Society of Women Writers and coordinate the SA Haiku Group.

I am a long term Volunteer at the Adelaide Zoo.

As far as the Philosophy Discussion group goes, my only qualification is first year Philosophy. as part of my UNE degree, and being of an enquiring disposition.

I run a couple of information blogs on the Internet dealing with environmental and wildlife issues. These may be found on my personal website and on the Community Links section of U3A. The blogs are reference blogs only to articles on line. I don’t always have time to keep these up to date.

I designed and run the website for  the Kensington& Norwood Writers’ Group. http://www.norwoodwriters.com/writers-pages/Lynette_Arden.html, along with the web site of the Kensington & Norwood Historical Society. http://www.kensingtonandnorwoodhistoricalsociety.com/

Writers Workshop Group
Philosophy Discussion Group
1 & 2  (with Athena Zaknic)

Seamus Baker 2014
Field Guide to Psychiatry

Mindfulness for Wellbeing
Marisa Baldassi


Italian Continuing
Italian for Beginners
Judith Barrett


Judy has degrees in science and psychology and has done research in areas of psychophysiology.  But it has not only been about science as she also has strong interests in films, books, opera … and even some genres of metal music.

She discovered U3A Adelaide at the beginning of 2009 and promptly enrolled in courses in German language and cinema.  During 2013 she began co-ordinating Current Film Club at very short notice.

Current Film Club 2



Andrew Bear

 Andrew Bear is a graduate of Melbourne and Monash Universities and spent three years as a post graduate student at the University of Birmingham. His main career was as Senior Lecturer in English at Flinders University, but he also taught at Monash and Adelaide Universities  and at the then Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology.

 He has no qualifications in French and never, even in his wildest dreams, imagined himself as a teacher of French.

 By the end of his working career Andrew had gradually learned to speak what he called ‘good tourist French,’ and after retirement decided to make learning French properly a priority. In this he has been more successful than he expected, although he remains realistically modest about his true francophone ability. It has been his good fortune, and to the great benefit of his French, to have been able to spend considerable time in France in recent years.

 The move from enthusiastic U3A student of French under John Davies, Tony Coomb and Esther Mazel to teaching beginners’ French himself was by accident, not design. There was a vacancy and no one better-qualified volunteered to fill it. Enough students find it worth their while to attend his classes, and while this lasts he is happy to continue.

 So far, he seems to know more than they do, but he fears that one day, someone will ask a question that is altogether out of his range. That will be when he hands over! Meanwhile, he enjoys the new challenge of teaching French, and is in awe of the intelligence, friendliness and seriousness of U3A students.

French Breakthrough


Jane Bennett 2014
Dru Yoga
Kay Bennetts  

Gallery Choices 1 & 2
History of Australian Art

Innez Blackman  

Adelaide Central Market Tour

Valda Casucci

I was born in Australia of Italian parents and studied Italian in Perugia, Italy.  It was there I met my Italian husband and I lived in Italy for 18 months.  In Australia, I taught at St Mary's College for many years.

I cannot remember when I began my connection with U3A Adelaide but I think it was about 2004.  It was Paula Hennig that suggested I offer a course in Italian and the rest is history.

I love the Italian language; I love teaching and I love people.

Italian Wandering Through Italian

Lesley Clarke


Poetry Reading


Alex Clayton


Armchair Travellers


Judith Conrow-Shipley

Judith is a graduate of RADA and was the recipient of The Kendall Award.  She spent several years in the West End as a working actress and was involved in Harold Pinter's first televised plays. 

Judith has taught Voice Masterclasses in the USA, Belgium and Australia.  She was Head of Drama at the Conservatorium of Music Drama School and currently teaches at the NIDA Open Program, where she is the Principal Voice Teacher.

Performance Poetry

Tony Coombe

Tony Coombe

Tertiary Academic Qualifications:-

Diplôme d’Etudes de Civilisation française- Sorbonne, Université de Paris, France
Honours Bachelor Degree in French language and Literature- University of Adelaide, SA
Doctorat d’Université- Université d’Aix-Marseille, France

Previous Teaching experience:-

Secondary school teaching to Year 12 at: Scotch College, Mitcham, SA; Adelaide High School; Sacred Heart College; Marbury School, Aldgate, SA.
Lecturer in French Massey University, NZ; Lecturer in French University of New England, NSW
Tutor in French at University of SA; Tutor at University of 3rd Age, Adelaide Inc. (10 years ).

French Pot Pourri


Dace Darzins
German Advanced Conversation
Trevor Dean  

French Introductory Conversation


Simon Degeling  

French Advanced Conversation


Julie Dillon

French Let's Talk French
(with Pat Greet)

Don Drake

I became a member of U3A Adelaide when Colin Lawton was forming it and immediately became a tutor. Initially, I formed a class in Current Affairs with Colin and after a period of time I took over the class on my own.

I went on to teach Physical Geography, concentrating on meteorology and geomorphology.

I have always been interested in Cinema, and in 1994, I began a class in Cinema Studies.  Thus class has been held ever since.

My actual teaching of Cinema Studies began in 1969, when I tried to interest my Leaving English class in watching good cinema instead of accepting the poor quality of the average film.  The library of the SA Film Corporation began collecting 16mm copies of film suitable for study, and these were made available.  I also organized film evenings for adults, and ran film making weekends at my school, with the help of others who came from Adelaide.

Although I have academic qualifications in English, I do not have any qualifications in Cinema Studies.  Such courses did not exist at University when I was a student.  However, there can be a close relationship between film and novels and I always emphasize this.  I am, however, self taught in the subject, and I have done much research, and I hope that I manage.

Cinema Studies


Gloria Farler

Ms. Farler formerly lectured in Literary Studies at the University of Denver where her scholarship centered on the Restoration and 18th century and includes the literature of exile, comic literature, and Irish dramatists and poets.  

Ms. Farler has earned Bachelors and Masters degrees in Literature and Mathematics from the University of Colorado, as well as an MBA from the University of Denver.  She completed all but the dissertation for a PhD in Literature. 

She was employed for over twenty-five years as an executive in marketing sciences and data base analytics and originally came to Australia ten years ago where she headed Strategic Marketing Research and Analytics for Telstra for over 7 years.   

Ms. Farler grew up in the mountains in Denver, Colorado, and and now a naturalized Australian citizen who is proud to call South Australia home.  Demonstrating her commitment, she knows all four verses of  “Advance Australia Fair”

A Wing-flap Above Me
Irish Comic Drama


Don Fenton
bulletAlways interested in nearly everything!
bulletLeft school at 15 years of age. Too busy reading to pay attention in class!
bulletGained Horticultural qualifications as a teenager.
bulletStudied Art (Oil painting) at the same time.
bulletWorked as itinerant labourer for many years, including ditch-digging, privately teaching music, landscape-gardening, folk-singing, cane cutting, teaching Horticulture in an Agricultural College, factory work of a variety of kinds, or whatever presented itself at the time.
bulletGained a B.A. from the University of Queensland with a double-major in Government (that’s Politics!), a major in History, a major in Classics and Ancient History, and some stray Economics.
bulletAchieved a B.A. Honours Degree in Politics from the University of Adelaide.
bulletAwarded an M.A. in Politics by the University of Adelaide.
bulletTaught 1st Year Politics and Political Philosophy [my specialty] at the Flinders University of South Australia.
bulletCame to U3A when I first heard about this new organization in 1987, at an Adelaide University function of some sort.
bulletBegan presenting courses for Adelaide U3A in 1988. The first course was Political Ideologies. I experimented with a variety of courses before eventually settling down to the present format, which has been current for some time.

Renaissance to the Modern World
The Human Family

Sue Garforth


Latin, an Introduction
Latin - Continuing
Shakespeare Play Reading


Michael Giglio

Italian Advanced

Paulette Goreux-Brooks 2013
French Advancing Conversation
Spanish Beginners Conversation
Pat Greet 2014
French Let's Talk French
(with Julie Dillon)
Jenny Gregson 2014
Drawing without Fear
John Griffiths 2014
Kidney Health Facts

Art and Mixed Media (with Leonie Pike)
Contract Bridge (with Beatrice Howarth)

Penelope Hackett-Jones

Penelope Hackett-Jones was encouraged to use a debased form of English while growing up in an Adelaide suburb:  "googy" for egg, "geegee" for horse, "bunny" for rabbit, etc. As a teenage act of rebellion against this frightful early experience, at the age of 14 she developed a passion for correct English, which still inflames her today, and which she soon carried over into other languages. She was able to learn Latin and French at school, and while pretending to do Maths homework taught herself Italian and Russian, using the Hugo's "Teach Yourself a Language in 3 Months" textbooks.

Her first paid employment was as a Greek-English translator for a subversive press-cutting agency in Athens, at the time of the military junta. Returning to Australia she qualified as a teacher, something slightly less dangerous, and taught French, Latin and Modern Greek for many years.

After retiring to raise a family, she joined U3A where she teaches Beginners' French, and is at present studying Arabic in private. Penelope believes in mandatory imprisonment for the incorrect use of English in public, particularly for the inaccurate placing of the apostrophe, and for the pretentious use of Italian in restaurant menus.

 French Beginners' Basic

Zheng De Han
Chinese Mandarin
Joelie Hancock
Play Reading

Glen Heinrich

Born at Mount Barker, he spent his primary school years on King Island. He attended Findon and later Woodville High Schools, and after some years working went to Adelaide Teachers' College and Adelaide University. Educated in Economics and Teaching, he was seconded to the newly formed ADP Services Section of the Education Department to help develop the first computerised Teachers Payroll System.

A career in computing eventuated and included teaching at the Bendigo Institute of Technology; training with the Commonwealth Department of Health; software development with International Computers, and a longish career in a variety of roles in SA Health in it's various incarnations.

A major 'out of work interest' was and is the Australian Computer Society, where he has served the SA Branch for almost forty years, and was the longest running National Treasurer, and a member of the National Management Committee for twenty years.  He is a Fellow and Honorary Life Member of that Society.

He has conducted a discussion group "Let's Keep Talking" at U3A for five years, and regularly screens short seasons of documentary films. He also chairs “Help With Your Computer” which is usually held in each session.

A keen traveller, he has presented a number of one-off travel sessions, most recently "Trans Mongolian Railway", with "Christmas Markets in Europe" coming up this year.

His interests are many and varied and, apart from family, include travel, cinema, stocks and shares, computing, current affairs, and reading both fiction and non-fiction.

Glen was awarded the OAM (Order of Australia Medal) on Australia Day, 2013 for service to the information technology industry

Help with your Computer
Financial Crisis Documentaries
Let's Keep Talking
Documentaries of Alex Gibney
A Trip Around Ireland


Gwenda Helsham

Shakespeare in Performance
 Shakespeare - The Musicals


Keith Hempton

Keith was firstly a Modern Language Teacher (French and German at Sydney Grammar School) and then, for over 20 years, a professional singer.  He sang principal roles with the major opera companies in Australia, including Opera Australia and the State Opera Companies of South Australia, Queensland and Western Australia. He sand with such conductors as Mark Elder, Carlo Felice Cillario, Myer Fredman and Barry Tuckwell. He was the bass with the Song Company (Australia's only professional classical vocal ensemble) from 1986 - 91.

From 1991 he was Lecturer in Charge of Wollongong Conservatorium and from 1995 until 2008 was Head of vocal Studies and Co-ordinator of the Honours Performance Programme at the Elder Conservatorium within the University of Adelaide.

Keith has taken early retirement with the intention of returning to performing both as a singer and a presenter.  He also hopes to have the opportunity to adjudicate, lecture and examine.  Over the years he has acquired a vast experience and knowledge of classical music (he is also a trained radio presenter) and would like to find the opportunity to make challenging use of his particular skills.

French Vive La France
Music for a While
The Bard in Music

Beatrice Howarth

Beatrice Howarth is a graduate of Alexandria (Egypt) and Australian National Universities in Languages (Ancient Greek, French and English) and spent two years as a post graduate student at the University of New England doing research in Modern Greek literature. She is a fluent speaker of Greek, French, Italian and English. She has studied Arabic for many years and is fascinated by Asian and Arabic cultures. Her main career was as a Librarian at the Australian National University, London School of Economics and University of New England. In Adelaide she has worked for the Tertiary Education Authority, the Education Department of SA and the Multicultural and Ethnic Affairs Commission. 

Since she retired she rekindled her love for Greek studies and did a course of Ancient Greek Philosophers at Adelaide University. 

It has been her good fortune, and to the great benefit of her fluency in languages to have been able to spend considerable time in England, France, Italy and Greece in recent years. 

The move from U3A student to teaching Modern Greek for Travellers was due to the encouragement of Margaret Clark and Sue Lea. There was a vacancy for somebody to teach Greek and no one better-qualified volunteered to fill it. Enough students find it worth their while to attend her classes, and while this lasts she is happy to continue. She believes that learning language opens the door to understanding the culture of a particular people and it can become a lifelong passion for travelling, music, food and ideas. 

She enjoys the new challenge of teaching Greek, and is encouraged by the enthusiasm, support, friendliness and seriousness of U3A students and staff.

Turbulence in Syria
Contract Bridge
(with John Griffiths)


Helen Jenkinson

Tomatoes and the Solanaceae
(with Jan Lindsay)
Bush Harvest

Ken Johns

Dream Discussion Group

Magrit Johnson

French Basics ..... Moving On

Stefan Kreslin

I have been interested in PCs since the early 80’s with my first PC being a Dick Smith System 80. I worked in the Australian Public Service for over 30 years. Much of that time was spent in the corporate services area and to a larger or lesser extent there was always an IT aspect to that work.

During that time I developed expertise in a range of software packages including Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Access, mapping software (Mapinfo) and graphics programs (Corel Draw and Paintshop Pro).

More recently, since my retirement, I have been running ACS’s TripleC Computer club.  The club’s aims are to promote computer literacy in the general community.  Sessions are held 3 times a week and cover a broad range of topics. The sessions are free and open to all comers. Visit our experimental Blog at http://triplecsa.fhost.com.au/Blog/ for more information.

Help With Your Computer
Using Android Tablet Computers
Using Android Computers (June)
Using Android Computers (July)
Thinking About an Android?

Silvia Lang

French Language and Culture
Italian Language and Culture
Spanish Grammar

Laine Langridge

From Bach to Bark
(with Gillian Simmons)

Sue Lea

I joined U3A over 10 years ago when I retired from a life as an English teacher and discovered that there are many other subject areas to interest me, in particular the byways of history.

I love the teaching role. To be allowed to research whatever is interesting me at the moment, to talk about it to interested adults and not to have any marking is a real boon. I also enjoy the other roles I take on – working in the office, helping with the program and attending many of the interesting lectures from other tutors.

Plantagenet Consorts
More Plantagenet Queens


Maria Macdonald

Italian Discussion Tuesday
Italian Discussion Thursday


Pauline McCreery

Born in the UK, I emigrated with my family at the age of 18 and met my future Australian husband on the boat.  I had worked for Thomas Cook in London and started at the Commonwealth Bank when I arrived in Adelaide.  After being one of the first married women they employed I had to leave when I became pregnant.

Eventually I started sewing for other people, then decided I had better learn more about it.  This led to being offered teaching jobs in private enterprise and TAFE.  So I decided I had better learn how to do that properly and started a full time teaching degree with one child in primary school and the other in high school. I taught for the Education Department and then Catholic Education, as a Home Economist, for nearly 10 years.  I then took a one year secondment to run a high school for young single mothers - as the sole employee. 

This 1 year extended to 15 years and became 'my baby' (no pun intended).  The school developed to gain 2 part-time teachers and an amazing array of subjects. With innovation we had the on-site capability for students to complete, up to and including, Year 11. We made it possible for the young women, all pregnant or with a child, to continue to completion of Year 12 either on site or with Distance Education. 

Since retiring at the beginning of 2009 I have been busier than ever before.  I can devote more time to image based computing, to travel, to learning croquet, to learning French, to..........you name it!  I love theatre, reading, good food and wine and being a grandmother.  I became the webmaster for U3A Adelaide two years ago as well as serving on both the Programme and the General Committees.  From March 2011 - March 2013 I was President of U3A Adelaide.  It is wonderful to be able to continue with my love of both learning and teaching.

Help With Your Computer


Margaret Milford  


Trish Moore 2014
Mah Jong

Sharon Mosler

Dr. Sharon Mosler has tutored in Australian migrant history, among other history subjects, at the University of Adelaide from 2006 - 2012.

Australia's Migrant History

Jordan Neis-Beer 2014
Adelaide Desalination Plant

John Ovenden

A former ABC TV newsreader-interviewer-journalist, and BBC World Service presenter

John Ovenden Speaks


Walpurga Page

May I?

Connie Perez

Connie teaches Spanish Conversation and Spanish for Travellers.  Her background is both Spanish and Latin American and she is able to address the differences in the Spanish language in two continents.  Apart from assisting students to improve their Spanish, Connie wants to create a classroom atmosphere that is friendly, relaxing and conducive to students talking freely and practising their language skills.

Spanish Conversation-Pronunciation


Leonie Pike

Bold Burgundy and Beyond
Art and Mixed Media
(with John Griffiths)

Lyn Porter  

Circle Dancing for Fun


Ken Prouse

French and the French Level 1
French and the French Level 2

Juli Pullman
Microsoft Windows 7
Help With Your Computer

Bob Rabbitt
For the Record
(with Adriaan van der Wyst)

Barrie Redman

Computer Programs Assistance
Introduction to Excel
Introduction to the Internet

Anne Rees 2014
Recorder Group
Mary Rivett  

Gallery Insights 1, 2  & 3

Evelyn Robertson
Current Film Club 1
Elsa Rozanés  

French Continuing Conversation
Spanish Continuing Conversation
Spanish Conversation

Irene Schmidt
German Let's Talk German

Waltraud Schmidt

Before moving from Germany to Adelaide in 1992, I taught German, English and Geography at the German-French High School in Freiburg.
While living in the USA for a few years in the early eighties, I had the opportunity to learn how to make pottery. By now I have managed to make all my own crockery (and quite a lot of my friends).

In 1995 I joined the WEA and taught German from ‘Beginners’ to ‘Advanced Conversation’ until 2010.  In 2013 I started to teach ‘German for Beginners’ at U3A.

I have also been a tour guide at the South Australian Museum for the past 20 years.

German 1

Renate Shanahan

I was born in Germany and lived there during my school years, came to Australia in 1957 and got married to an Australian in 1958.
After spending some years building a house and having a family, I entered the Sturt Teachers College, later incorporated into Flinders University, as a mature age student and trained to become a teacher of German and  Religious Education, while working part time as an emergency teacher.

Having achieved my B.Ed., I taught in several high schools at all levels for a total of 22 years. After my retirement I spent my time catching up on my hobbies, quilting, singing in a choir, practicing Yoga, walking in a group and also with my dog. One day, one of my walking friends, who was attending courses in the U3A asked, whether I was willing to tutor  Advanced German there, since the present tutor was ill. I said yes - this was in 2005, and I am still here.

My aim in teaching German here is to make this subject interesting and fun at the same time.

German Middle & Advanced

Nancy Sheppard


Pitjantjatjara Reading

Marilyn Sims  

The Essence of Aromatherapy


Gillian Simmons  

From Back to Bach
(with Laine Langridge)


Valerie Sitters

Valerie has immersed herself in the literature of the polar regions for over 40 years and delighted in sharing that love with innumerable groups.
She has given talks about Antarctica to historical societies, the ANARE Club and the Australian Meteorological Association and RIAus most recently. She
was formerly employed at the State Library of SA and in the Royal Geographical Society of SA Library.

Riddles and Enigmas

Travellers in Skirts

David Smith


Exploring Wine

Bob Stone

After, twenty eight years in TAFE,  Bob left the paid workforce while holding the position of Institute Director.

Early ‘retirement’ in 1998 enabled him to follow my other two passions in life, cabinet making and archaeology. Since ‘retiring’ he completed a Bachelor of Arts (Classics), Adelaide University, Bachelor in Archaeology (First Class Honours), PhD (Historical Archaeology) Flinders University plus a Certificate III in Furnishing at TAFE. 

Since 1997, he has worked in various capacities in archaeology from volunteer to core trench supervisor with the Near Eastern Archaeological Foundation in Pella Jordan, historic sites in South Australia, Queensland and the Northern Territory and Indigenous programs also in the Northern Territory.

Malta's Bronze Age


Anne Taylor

I attended my first calligraphy course in 2000, with the intention of improving my handwriting.  I didn't know anything about calligraphy then but quickly discovered a love for this historic craft.  Since that simple beginning I have developed a love for creating words on paper and the many 'Calligraphic Hands' from European history which we can learn.  Through attending workshops given by Australian and International Calligraphers, and enrolling in the UK's Calligraphy and Lettering Arts Society, I have continuously worked on my craft and achieved the Intermediate level of CLAS UK Calligraphy Diploma in 2013, the formal requirement to become a calligraphy tutor with CLAS in the UK.

Foundations of Calligraphy
Calligraphy for Beginners
Calligraphy - Continuing

Max Tomkins

Max Tomkins came to Adelaide in 1996, to establish the public relations area of the Art Gallery of South Australia, after a career in education in Victoria that encompassed practical teaching and principalship as well as the bureaucracy where he worked in both International Education and Public Relations.

He took out degrees in English and Art History (Melbourne University) and History (University of London) as well as a Masters in Education which concentrated on the development of Senior High Schools in Victoria. He recently completed a Master of Arts in Art History at Adelaide University.

He has spent 4 of the past 10 years teaching at tertiary level in China, as well as returning for brief intervals. He has also lectured in Art History in Adelaide.

Max lives in the oldest house in the City of Adelaide which houses an extensive collection of art and art books, as well as a good collection of classical and jazz CD's. He is presently relearning the clarinet after a very long break.

Travel takes him overseas for periods each year, 2010 taking him back to Europe to revisit the works of art he will discuss in his lectures.

Art History

Gail Umehara
Japanese Basic
Japanese Conversation


Adriaan van der Wyst

Adriaan is currently the Program Coordinator, and also takes the “For the Record” class with his co-presenter, Bob Rabbitt.  He also presents occasional lectures on topics in the science field.

Adriaan taught maths and science in SA secondary schools for eight years before working in the Education Department in Research and Planning and in Personnel for thirty years.  His main interests are music, philosophy, history, religion and bushwalking and golf. 

For the Record
(with Bob Rabbitt)

Cheryl van Velsen  

Creating Order Out of Chaos


Laura Vincent-Allard

As a free-lance consultant and lecturer, Laure has combined her wide-ranging knowledge of European Art History (24 years as a conference-guide in French Historic sites and for private companies and 15 years as an Art History teacher) with her 18-year domestic and international experience as a trainers’ supervisor and team leader.

She has a Bachelor degree in Art history and Archaeology with honours, and various diplomas and certificates in guiding/lecturing and in management. She has provided lectures, conferences, led workshops and training in both European Art and Team Leadership (from stress management to training improvement, just to name a few). She specialises in expanding creativity, challenging intellectual and emotional perspective and building self-confidence with humour and kindness.

French Medieval Life
French 19th Century Art


Chris Waigth
Pleasures of Reading
Ann Warner
French Intermediate 1
French Intermediate 2
Michele Warren
Tai Chi / Qigong 1
Tai Chi / Qigong 2

Emma Wight  

Tea and Symphony 1, 2
Mozart @ Elder 1, 2, 3


Tony Wight  

Discover Storytelling


Cecily Wood
Recorder Group
(Session 3 taken by Anne Rees)

Athena Zaknic

Since my retirement, I have enjoyed immensely being a member of U3A.  I find the language classes stimulating and enjoyable.  My literary interests also take to me the poetry group, play reading and, as a member of the creative writing group, I like to write both poetry and prose.

With a professional scientific and musical background, my new interests are something I have always wanted to do.  I find the mental gymnastics of philosophy challenging and, with Lyn Arden, we have an enthusiastic group of friends in the philosophy class.

Philosophy Discussion Group 1 & 2
(with Lyn Arden)
Do We Need Them?